4.3. Adding the LFS User

When logged in as user root, making a single mistake can damage or destroy a system. Therefore, the packages in the next two chapters are built as an unprivileged user. You could use your own user name, but to make it easier to set up a clean working environment, we will create a new user called lfs as a member of a new group (also named lfs) and run commands as lfs during the installation process. As root, issue the following commands to add the new user:

groupadd lfs
useradd -s /bin/bash -g lfs -m -k /dev/null lfs

This is what the command line options mean:

-s /bin/bash

This makes bash the default shell for user lfs.

-g lfs

This option adds user lfs to group lfs.


This creates a home directory for lfs.

-k /dev/null

This parameter prevents possible copying of files from a skeleton directory (the default is /etc/skel) by changing the input location to the special null device.


This is the name of the new user.

If you want to log in as lfs or switch to lfs from a non-root user (as opposed to switching to user lfs when logged in as root, which does not require the lfs user to have a password), you need to set a password for lfs. Issue the following command as the root user to set the password:

passwd lfs

Grant lfs full access to all the directories under $LFS by making lfs the owner:

chown -v lfs $LFS/{usr{,/*},lib,var,etc,bin,sbin,tools}


In some host systems, the following su command does not complete properly and suspends the login for the lfs user to the background. If the prompt "lfs:~$" does not appear immediately, entering the fg command will fix the issue.

Next, start a shell running as user lfs. This can be done by logging in as lfs on a virtual console, or with the following substitute/switch user command:

su - lfs

The - instructs su to start a login shell as opposed to a non-login shell. The difference between these two types of shells is described in detail in bash(1) and info bash.